2008 -- PoMO : comedy = tragedy
GENRE (page) in dramatic literature
Why is it so important?
"Director's Take" [Interpretation)
Mixing genres (PoMo)
(establishing rules of the game)
... hamlet1.1 [ class/homework ]
floor plans [ forms ]
comedy : shows.vtheatre.net/wwwilde [ scenes ]
drama : 3 Sisters
postmodern : Beckett and After (Stoppard)
... comedy about tragedy -- R/G are Dead (2008)
and COMEDY about horror (Caligari)
Drama is only a moment of swing between tragedy and comedy!
Featured Pages: Film-North on directing!
After you selected your scene, read the whole play!
What a struggle in class with the very idea of establishing genre of comedy (scenes from the Importance of Being Earnest)!
The terms presentational theater and representational theater are often used to describe two different approaches to accomplishing the goals of a production. A presentational style offers a performance with full recognition that the actors are at work on a stage, speaking and acting out a script with music, under lights, and in costumes. There is no attempt to disguise the fact that a theatrical performance is taking place to entertain or instruct audiences. Plays from ancient Greece and from the time of English playwright William Shakespeare are produced in this forthright manner, as are many modern experimental plays. Musicals and traditional Asian theater also fall into this general category.
A representational style of production evolved in Europe in the mid-19th century as writers, directors, and designers set about to show candid truths about ordinary existence within recognizable environments. Two movements—realism in the 1850s and naturalism in the 1870s—presented familiar characters in specific environments, such as living rooms, kitchens, or flophouses. The purpose of the detailed environment was to show how a person’s character and life choices are determined in part by environmental or social forces and in part by gender or genetic forces. Visual elements—such as clothing, furnishings, and stage properties—became very specific to the environment. Actors worked within a picture-frame stage—a stage separated from the audience by an arch or rectangular frame—with the understanding that the imaginary fourth wall of their environment was removed to allow audiences to look into the lives of the characters. Dramatists who pioneered the writing of plays for the new realist production style include Henrik Ibsen of Norway, August Strindberg of Sweden, Emile Zola of France, and Leo Tolstoy and Anton Chekhov of Russia.
NotesLook, sometimes I feel light, sometimes I am down. When I face situations I do not know how to deal with, like death, for example, -- it's tragedy. A situation without exit. The opposite is comedy; when I look at my silly fears which are behind me.
Theatre Books Master Page *
Genre(s) After Beckett
... Genre Analysis / Defining it
filmplus.org/thr/comedy and comical.
tragedy (theatre theory).
Genre Theory in film.vtheatre.net
read -- script.vtheatre.net
2005: Farces by Chekhov
A genre is a division of a particular form of art according to criteria particular to that form. In all art forms, genres are vague categories with no fixed boundaries. Genres are formed by sets of conventions, and many works cross into multiple genres by way of borrowing and recombining these conventions. The scope of the word "genre" is usually confined to art and culture. In genre studies the concept of genre is often compared to originality. [wikipedia]
Aristotle speaks only about tragedy and comedy in dramatic poetry; so, we start with the comedy idea.[ if you want real analysis of "genre concept," read Bakhtin ]
12th Night: 1-5-2 (opens new window for analysis)Shakespeare (last part in your textbook + comedy, in our case; we will get to Hamlet later): how do we direct it?
Mikado: you have three sample scene in a shows directory: Act II, Finale and Scene
Go to WWWilde directory for scene from The Importance of Being Earnest. And Gogol for Inspector General.
What is DRAMA?
Hero & Conflict:
Tragic Character = above average (Man vs. gods, metaphysical) Situation
Comic = below (men vs. men, social)
Exposition (genre must be established)
[The word is used with various degrees of precision. Some, for instance, classify the novel as a genre, and consider the kinds of novels (Bildungsroman, picaresque, Gothic, and so on) "sub-genres." Others consider these specific kinds of novels genres, and consider the term novel a kind of catch-all. The adjective is generic.]
Directing 5. Genre Pages: Tragedy * Comedy * Drama * Tragic Comedy *
A French word literally meaning "kind". This is a type or style of art. Could be film, literature, painting, or music. [everything2.com search ]
* March 2006 -- 100 years since Sam Beckett's birth *
An Introduction to Genre Theory Daniel Chandler
Of course, you can mix genres, but you must know at any given moment where you are and how to play; when comedy -- the public must laugh, when tragedy -- cry.
[ What if I need more help to work on my scene?
First, do your own search-research, this is a part of the job. Second, go to SHOWS directory and take a look at the notes I have. ]
http://www.lagcc.cuny.edu/laramie/presentational-theater.htm : Presentational theatre emphasizes theatricality and acknowledges the theatre as theatre – there is no specific illusion as to Locations and Settings [ movies are representational ]
Obvious examples of representational elements in a theatre production: a realistic set: a kitchen with real walls, a real oven, a real sink, and real pots and pans hanging on the walls; actors whose age, appearance, and gender corresponds to that of the characters they are playing; the time that elapses on stage is the same as the time that elapses for the audience. Obvious examples of presentational elements in a theatre production: a bare set the actors turn to the audience members and address them directly; the characters speak in verse (as in Shakespeare); the characters break into song (as in musicals).
Nature of Conflict:
Vertical (Yourself, God, Life) = tragedy
Horizontal (people) = drama / comedy
[ samples -- monologue analysis? ]
... from script.vtheatre.net : http://condor.depaul.edu/~dsimpson/tlove/comic-tragic.html
Oscar Wilde: Comedy as Tragedy
Dramatic Structure: Comedy and Tragedy http://www.mala.bc.ca/~johnstoi/eng366/lectures/lecture1.htm
[ concept page ]
Genre in Design, Acting...