Textbook (The Director's Eye), part 2 (Rehearsal)
The actor is the creative artist most identified by audiences with their experience of theater. Actors portray their characters’ wants and needs through believable personal behavior that mirrors the characters’ psychological and emotional lives within the world of the play. British actor Sir Laurence Olivier once said that acting "is an everlasting search for truth." Acting begins with an individual's talent, imagination, discipline, the need to express, and the process of observation through the sensory organs—eyes, ears, skin, tongue, nose. Reduced to its simplest terms, the actor's goal is to tell the character's circumstances within the story of the play. Through years of training with skilled coaches and through meticulous homework and long rehearsals, the actor is able to convey the psychological and emotional truth of the character's behavior within the context of the play. The successful actor combines inner belief in the role with learned technique to create a sense of life taking place on stage as if for the very first time. [encarta]
Fundamentals : BioMethod
Featured Pages: Film-North on directing!
ShowCases: 3 Sisters, Mikado, 12th Night, Hamlet, The Importance of Being Earnest, Dangerous Liaisons, Don Juan
prof. Anatoly Antohin Theatre UAF AK 99775 USA (907)474-7751
Acting in Person and in StyleSubscribe to my Open Class @ 3sisters
Actors on ActingSubscribe to my Open Class @ 12night
The Director's Eye Subscribe to my Open Class @ Directing!
How to Read a FilmSubscribe to Open Class @ 200x Aesthetics
To understand this process of deconstruction read acting directories -- Method and Biomechanics are about how we take apart actor-machine in order to put it back together within the system of the spectacle...
Improvisation for the Theater: A Handbook of Teaching and Directing Techniques by Viola Spolin; Northwestern University Press, 1963
comedy scripts Monty Python's Flying Circus
Go to Stanislavsky for Directors; directors must know everything actors know. And more. This is why THR121 Fundamentals of Acting is a required class for directors. I said to know, I didn't say to do. Only actors can do acting, not directors.Notes on Directing After 50 years in the theatre, English director Frank Hauser joins New York writer and director Russell Reich to bring you an inspirational and practical guide that critics are calling "provocative," "lucid," and "indispensable." Luminaries like Dame Judi Dench, Sir Ian McKellen, Sir Richard Eyre, Edward Albee, Moises Kaufman, Rosemary Harris, and Jerry Zaks have hailed "Notes on Directing" as "witty," "bold," "audacious," and "an instant classic."
[ from part II ]
Spectator -- Writer
Spectator -- Director
Spectator -- Actor
Spectator -- Critic
Spectator -- Audience
Spectator -- Public
I do not write much about the "critic" function, but without developing this "creature" in you, you won't be able to direct. Remember Stanislavsky' "split in two"? Well, director is in principle nothing short of "multiple personality"!
In short, the main line "Play -- Public"...
The formula is simple:
Text -- Director -- ActorDirector is in the middle. I could give another equasion:
Text -- Director -- Space (Stage)Now you understand why director is between play and actors by deault: he has to arrange the place of action for them. And in production process it looks like:
Play -- Director -- DesignersWhy don't we put it all together?
Text -- Director -- Design (Set, Costumes, Light, Sound) -- ActorsNothing could be done about it, even if you are a minimalist. You have to create this chronotope (time-space) of the show out of your reading of the play for actors to transfrom the characters intro roles.
Well, designers come in before actors. Check the Dangerous Liaisons files (I direct it in the Spring 2002, opens at the end of April) and see Tara's costume designes. Valmont in blue, red? When? ...
In order for us to mix the pre-text (play) with the stage (space-time in part III), we need to mix "text" (drama) and performer... We need to disassemble each actor to produce the real teatrical "pre-text" (performance).
Remember, the actual text is only the drama, experienced by the spectator!
In Method Acting we learn the techniques of INNER "reconstruction" (character > actor > role), in BM -- outer (physical) rearrangement. In short, Method is more suitable for actor--play, BM is for actor--stage training/analysis.
Method -- table period and one-on-one rehearsals. BM -- groups (on stage).
... you better read webpages on film acting (extreme case of "actor's deconstriction")!
[ read Space page in Biomechanics ]
Directors on Directing : A Source Book of the Modern Theatre Less than 200 years ago the director was only an "ideal" projected by disgruntled critics. Today, productions wouldn't be able to survive with our the adept talents of the director. This book has been known for years as the guide to the "unknown theater" of the director. This collection is comprised of the voices of the modern theater as they state their credos and explore their craft. Topics include: the emergence of the director; behind the fourth wall; the art of rehearsal; light and space; and much more. Directors and avid theater-buffs.
Directing Plays (Theatre Arts) Directing Plays explores both the theory and practice of directing plays, with particular emphasis on textual interpretation. Don Taylor guides the student through the complex process of choosing a play, the working partnership of director, playwright and designer, the delicate matter of casting a play, the rehearsal process and everything which needs to happen before the production is up and running.
See Spectator's Directory
A Director Prepares is a fascinating and thought-provoking examination of the challenges of making theatre. In it, Anne Bogart speaks candidly and with immense wisdom of the courage required to create "art with great presence." No other book on the art of theatre comes even close to offering this much understanding, experience and inspiration.
* web companion to THR331 Fundamentals of Direction Theatre UAF course Theater Directing: Art, Ethics, Creativity (Studies in Theatre Arts) Secrets of Acting Shakespeare: The Original Approach (A Theatre Arts Book)
Are there "fundamental" (principle) directions: left from right, diagonal and etc. ?
The combination of space and time (chronotope) in part 3. Directing Time.
It's getting more and more complicated...
"Mise-en-scene" is a French theatrical expression for the kind of staging matrix one would find in a director's text with specific arrangements of time and space on stage to control actors, playscript and public.
Film-North * Anatoly Antohin